O believers! Obey Allah and His Messenger and do not turn away from him while you hear ˹his call˺.Do not be like those who say, “We hear,” but in fact they are not listening.Indeed, the worst of all beings in the sight of Allah are the ˹wilfully˺ deaf and dumb, who do not understand.Had Allah known any goodness in them, He would have certainly made them hear. ˹But˺ even if He had made them hear, they would have surely turned away heedlessly.Quran 8:20~23
Al-Anfal (Arabic: الأنفال) Muslim religious texts of the Qur’an 8 Number chapter , verses 75.
Surah Al-Anfal was revealed in Medina.
This Surah was revealed in the second Hijri after the battle of Badr. This is a detailed review of the first battle between Islam and Kufr.
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یَـٰۤأَیُّهَا ٱلَّذِینَ ءَامَنُوۤا۟
أَطِیعُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُۥ وَلَا تَوَلَّوۡا۟ عَنۡهُ وَأَنتُمۡ تَسۡمَعُونَ

وَلَا تَكُونُوا۟ كَٱلَّذِینَ قَالُوا۟ سَمِعۡنَا وَهُمۡ لَا یَسۡمَعُونَ
إِنَّ شَرَّ ٱلدَّوَاۤبِّ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ ٱلصُّمُّ ٱلۡبُكۡمُ ٱلَّذِینَ لَا یَعۡقِلُونَ

وَلَوۡ عَلِمَ ٱللَّهُ فِیهِمۡ خَیۡرࣰا لَّأَسۡمَعَهُمۡۖ وَلَوۡ أَسۡمَعَهُمۡ لَتَوَلَّوا۟ وَّهُم مُّعۡرِضُونَ
The Surah reminds the Believers to obey Allah and His Messenger and keep their relations good with each other.
It has given rules of war and peace between Muslims and their enemies.
In this Surah, six times Allah has addressed Muslims with
“O you who believe” (Ayah 15; 20; 24; 28; 29; 46)
Commandment relating to the spoils of war. Battle of Badr
Allah’s help for the Believers in the Battle of Badr.
Believers must always obey Allah and His Messenger.
Only the righteous should be the guardians of the Masjid al-Haram.
The purpose of war and the rules about the distribution of the spoils of war.
Be firm and united in the combat against the enemy.
Victory of the Believers against the unbelievers. Allah does not change His blessings unless people change themselves.
Be prepared always to defend yourself and your people. Make peace if the enemy is inclined towards peace.
Allah’s promise to help the Believers.
Treatment of the prisoners of war and obligations towards Muslims living among non-Muslims.