Indeed, We afflicted Pharaoh’s people with famine and shortage of crops so they might come back ˹to their senses˺.In times of prosperity, they said, “This is what we deserve,”but in adversity, they blamed it on Moses and those with him. Surely all is destined by Allah. Yet most of them did not know.Quran 7:130~131
The Surah is named after the story of the men awaiting on the “Elevations” between Paradise and Hell.
It comprises of 206 Ayat.
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وَلَقَدۡ أَخَذۡنَاۤ ءَالَ فِرۡعَوۡنَ بِٱلسِّنِینَ 
وَنَقۡصࣲ مِّنَ ٱلثَّمَرَ ٰتِ لَعَلَّهُمۡ یَذَّكَّرُونَ

فَإِذَا جَاۤءَتۡهُمُ ٱلۡحَسَنَةُ قَالُوا۟ لَنَا هَـٰذِهِۦۖ 
وَإِن تُصِبۡهُمۡ سَیِّئَةࣱ یَطَّیَّرُوا۟ 
بِمُوسَىٰ وَمَن مَّعَهُۥۤۗ

 أَلَاۤ إِنَّمَا طَـٰۤىِٕرُهُمۡ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ
 وَلَـٰكِنَّ أَكۡثَرَهُمۡ لَا یَعۡلَمُونَ
The basic theme of this Surah is Risalah, i.e. Allah’s message as it was sent through many messengers. Several Prophets and parts of their stories are mentioned to emphasize Prophets’ mission and their struggle with their people.
The Surah tells us that Allah’s Prophets suffered for the cause of truth.
Their enemies tried to harm them, but then Allah helped his prophets and defeated their enemies.
The Surah emphasizes that the true message must be presented under all circumstances.
After the Prophets it is the duty of the Believers to convey the message of Allah to all people.
ہم نے 
فرعون کے لوگوں کو کئی سال تک 
قحط اور پیداوار کی کمی میں مبتلا رکھا کہ 
شاید ان کو ہوش آئے 

مگر اُن کا حال یہ تھا کہ جب اچھا زمانہ آتا تو کہتے کہ ہم اِسی کے مستحق ہیں، 

اور جب برا زمانہ آتا تو موسیٰؑ اور اس کے ساتھیوں کو اپنے لیے فال بد ٹھیراتے، 

حالانکہ در حقیقت 
ان کی فال بد تو اللہ کے پاس تھی، 
مگر ان میں سے اکثر بے علم تھے
The Qur’an is revealed to remind the believers and to warn humankind about the consequences of their actions.
The judgment will indeed take place.
The story of Man’s creation and Satan’s opposition to Man.
Warning to the Children of Adam to be aware of Satan’s plots.
Allah’s messengers came to guide people.
The end of those who denied the message and those who accepted the message.
Cries of the wicked in the hellfire.
The righteous will prosper.
Some lessons from the story of Prophet Noah – peace be upon him.
Some lessons from the story of Prophet Hud- peace be upon him.
Some lessons from the story of Prophets Salih and Lot – peace be upon them.
Some lessons from the story of Prophet Shu’aib – peace be upon him.
Warnings against those who deny the Prophets and Messengers of Allah.
Prophet Moses -peace be upon him- and his encounter with Pharaoh of Egypt.
Pharaoh and his magicians were defeated.
Pharaoh continued in his persecution of the Israelites.
Some more signs were shown to Pharaoh and his people.
The Torah was given to Prophet Moses- peace be upon him.
Some Israelites started Calf worship.
The Torah and Injil speak about the coming of Prophet Muhammad (saw). Allah’s promise for those who will follow the last Prophet.
Prophet Muhammad is the Universal Prophet. Some among the people of Prophet Moses were guided by the truth and lived with justice.
Some Israelites transgressed Allah’s laws and they suffered the consequences.
The eternal covenant of Allah was taken from all human beings.
The coming of the Last Hour
Shirk has no logic. Ignore the wrongdoers, but invite to Allah with kindness.
Listen to the Qur’an and always remember Allah.