It is Allah Who created the heavens and the earth and sends down rain from the sky, causing fruits to grow as a provision for you. He has subjected the ships for your service, sailing through the sea by His command, and has subjected the rivers for you.He has ˹also˺ subjected for you the sun and the moon, both constantly orbiting, and has subjected the day and night for you.And He has granted you all that you asked Him for. If you tried to count Allah’s blessings, you would never be able to number them. Indeed humankind is truly unfair, ˹totally˺ ungrateful.[Quran 14:32~34 (Surah Ibrahim)].
The Surah derives its name from Ibrahim, the father of all prophets who came after him.
There are 52 ayat in this Surah.
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ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِی خَلَقَ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَ ٰتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضَ وَأَنزَلَ مِنَ ٱلسَّمَاۤءِ مَاۤءࣰ فَأَخۡرَجَ بِهِۦ 
مِنَ ٱلثَّمَرَ ٰتِ رِزۡقࣰا لَّكُمۡۖ 

وَسَخَّرَ لَكُمُ ٱلۡفُلۡكَ لِتَجۡرِیَ فِی ٱلۡبَحۡرِ بِأَمۡرِهِۦۖ وَسَخَّرَ لَكُمُ ٱلۡأَنۡهَـٰرَ 

وَسَخَّرَ لَكُمُ ٱلشَّمۡسَ وَٱلۡقَمَرَ دَاۤىِٕبَیۡنِۖ 
وَسَخَّرَ لَكُمُ ٱلَّیۡلَ وَٱلنَّهَارَ 

وَءَاتَىٰكُم مِّن كُلِّ مَا سَأَلۡتُمُوهُۚ
وَإِن تَعُدُّوا۟ نِعۡمَتَ ٱللَّهِ لَا تُحۡصُوهَاۤۗ
إِنَّ ٱلۡإِنسَـٰنَ لَظَلُومࣱ كَفَّارࣱ
The basic theme of the Surah is Allah’s guidance through His prophets.
The purpose of this guidance is to take the people from darkness to light.
Many people in the past had doubts about their prophets.
They laughed at them and they threatened to kill them or expel them from their towns.
However, the lasting word is the “good word.” The Surah also mentions Prophet Ibrahim’s prayer when he established the city of Makkah.
اللہ وہی تو ہے جس نے زمین اور آسمانوں کو پیدا کیا اور آسمان سے پانی برسایا، 
پھر اس کے ذریعہ سے تمہاری رزق رسانی کے لیے طرح طرح کے پھل پیدا کیے 

جس نے کشتی کو تمہارے لیے مسخر کیا 
کہ سمندر میں اُس کے حکم سے چلے 
اور دریاؤں کو تمہارے لیے مسخر کیا 

جس نے سورج اور چاند کو تمہارے لیے مسخر کیا کہ لگاتار چلے جا رہے ہیں اور رات اور دن کو تمہارے لیے مسخر کیا 

جس نے وہ سب کچھ تمہیں دیا 
جو تم نے مانگا 

اگر تم اللہ کی نعمتوں کا شمار کرنا چاہو تو کر نہیں سکتے 

حقیقت یہ ہے کہ انسان بڑا ہی بے انصاف اور ناشکرا ہے
The purpose of the Qur’an is to lead humankind to light.
Prophets and their people.
Non-believers threatened the Prophets, but Allah’s promise to the Prophets.
Satan misleads the disbelievers in this world, but in the hereafter he would leave them in the lurch.
The ingratitude of people
Prophet Ibrahim’s prayer for Makkah, for its people and for his own children
Allah is aware of what the wrongdoers are doing, their respite and end.