Have they not travelled throughout the land to see what was the end of those ˹destroyed˺ before them? They were far superior in might; they cultivated the land and developed it more than these ˹Meccans˺ ever have. Their messengers came to them with clear proofs. Allah would have never wronged them, but it was they who wronged themselves. Quran 30:9
This Surah is named after the ‘Romans’ – The word ‘Roman’ is mentioned only in this Surah in the Qur’an.
There are 60 Ayat in this Surah
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أَوَ لَمۡ یَسِیرُوا۟ فِی ٱلۡأَرۡضِ فَیَنظُرُوا۟ كَیۡفَ كَانَ عَـٰقِبَةُ ٱلَّذِینَ مِن قَبۡلِهِمۡۚ 

كَانُوۤا۟ أَشَدَّ مِنۡهُمۡ قُوَّةࣰ 
وَأَثَارُوا۟ ٱلۡأَرۡضَ 
وَعَمَرُوهَاۤ أَكۡثَرَ 
مِمَّا عَمَرُوهَا 
وَجَاۤءَتۡهُمۡ رُسُلُهُم بِٱلۡبَیِّنَـٰتِۖ

فَمَا كَانَ ٱللَّهُ لِیَظۡلِمَهُمۡ 
وَلَـٰكِن كَانُوۤا۟ أَنفُسَهُمۡ یَظۡلِمُونَ
The Surah reminds us that Allah is in control of everything.
Those who are short sighted they see only what is apparent but they do not realize that there is a Creator and Master of this whole universe and it is He who is governing everything.
Final decision is in Allah’s hand. The Akhirah will take place and the truth will prevail
اور کیا یہ لوگ کبھی زمین میں چلے پھرے نہیں ہیں کہ اِنہیں اُن لوگوں کا انجام نظر آتا جو اِن سے پہلے گزر چکے ہیں؟ 

وہ اِن سے زیادہ طاقت رکھتے تھے، اُنہوں نے زمین کو خوب ادھیڑا تھا اور اُسے اتنا آباد کیا تھا جتنا اِنہوں نے نہیں کیا ہے

اُن کے پاس ان کے رسول روشن نشانیاں لے کر آئے 

پھر اللہ ان پر ظلم کرنے والا نہ تھا، 
مگر وہ خود ہی اپنے اوپر ظلم کر رہے تھے
The defeat of the Romans and then later their victory is foretold.
Creation and Resurrection belong to Allah. Glorify Allah at different times of the day.
The signs of Allah in nature.
The true religion corresponds and enhances the nature. Teachings of the religion of nature: tawhid, care of the family and relatives, economic justice and charity.
Corruption caused by human beings. Evidence of corruption in history. Evidence of resurrection in nature.
The Day of Resurrection